'A Hand Prepared to be Red': Manliness and Violence on Britain's Colonial Frontiers

Robert Paul Hogg


On the frontiers of Queensland and British Columbia in the mid-nineteenth century, a culture of violence prevailed. Frontier men accommodated violence in their lives as a routine and normal part of frontier living. The Victorian ethos of 'manliness' - the possession of essential virtues such as self-restraint, courage and strenuous effort - had within it the potential for violence. On the frontier the practice of manliness often entailed violence and the manly ethos could be distorted to justify and legitimise violent acts.


Manliness; violence; frontier; Queensland; British Columbia; history

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